Sara Tavares Nogueira, MD AIS Ambassador to Portugal Introduction Biliary disease is one of the most common and well described conditions affecting human health, with laparoscopic cholecystectomies being some of the most performed surgeries around the World. This procedure is not without harm, with modern series of population studies suggesting that about 1.5% of cholecystectomies […]
Sara Nogueira, MD General Surgeon AIS Channel Ambassador to Portugal Introduction Gallbladder cancer is the most common biliary tract malignancy. It is often discovered incidentally during or after a cholecystectomy performed for a presumed benign disease. When symptomatic, we are usually dealing with a disseminated disease that spreads through 3 routes: lymphatic, hematogenous and peritoneal. […]
Sara Nogueira, MD General Surgeon Introduction The Tokyo Guidelines are the main recommendations regarding Acute Cholangitis and Acute Cholecystitis. The guidelines have been updated every 5 years, taking into consideration the most valuable studies published in between – the Tokyo Guidelines 2013 and more recently, the Tokyo Guidelines 2018. The 2018 guidelines comprise 9 articles, […]
- Sara Nogueira MD.